18 July 2012

Istanbul not Constantinople

When we arrived in Istanbul, Turkey, I immediately noticed how modern it was. I was not expecting such an advanced and clean city.
DSC_0446

It was fascinating to see hundreds of minarets lining the sky. Since Turkey is a Muslim country, five times a day, assigned chanters recite prayers that blaze over loudspeakers from the minarets.
landscape

We ate a delicious Turkish lunch overlooking the Aegean Sea.
DSC_0548

We visited two grandiose structures in Istanbul. Our first stop was the Blue Mosque. It was the first operating mosque that I have ever been inside. It is one of the few mosques that has six minarets.
DSC_0513

DSC_0520

We were issued scarves to cover our arms and legs and took our shoes off before entering.
DSC_0507

It is called the Blue Mosque because of the 20,000 blue tiles that line the inside walls and ceiling. I was fascinated by the the ginormous (yes, it's huge) light fixture in the center of the mosque, but unfortunately, the thousands of cables used to suspend it were a distraction.
bluemosque1

DSC_0479

DSC_0470

There were phrases from the Koran that lined the walls. This particular one is interpreted, "The man who works hard is a friend of God."
DSC_0485

Next was the Hagia Sophia, which was the largest dome in the world until St. Peter's Basilica in Rome was built.
DSC_0509

The Hagia Sophia is an ancient Christian church from the time of Constantinople. It is gigantic and in good shape. The interesting thing is that the church was transformed into a Muslim mosque for about 1000 years. There are beautiful Christian mosaics that were covered up when the church was turned into a Muslim mosque.

Turkey, which borders Iraq, Iran, and Syria, is an Islamic country. However, Turkey (and Istanbul) is much more westernized and liberal than many other Islamic countries. They have freedom of religion, although 99% percent of the population is Muslim. Our tour guide said that he was a non-practicing Muslim. Turkey has also been trying to become a part of the European Union. As a result, they recently uncovered some of the mosaics and now the Hagia Sophia has a Christian and Muslim influence. From the inside, the Hagia Sophia is breathtaking and is at the center of western/eastern ideals.
DSC_0530

We ended our day at the Grand Bazaar, which is said to be the world's oldest shopping mall. There are close to 4,400 shops on the walkway. Most of them sold useless things, but it was fun to walk through.
DSC_0550

DSC_0556

DSC_0553

DSC_0560

DSC_0562

Brothers sharing headphones on the bus. How cute.
DSC_0566

Also in Istanbul is the first continent-to-continent bridge. Istanbul is the only city in the world that spans across two continents, Europe and Asia. We passed under the Bosphorus Bridge as we were leaving.
bridge2

Napolean once said, "If the earth were a single state, Istanbul would be its capital." It is the city on which civilizations and empires have been built.

I would have to agree. Istanbul is one of the most fascinating cities I have ever been to.

And now I know you are all singing "Istanbul not Constantinople..." I was surprised to find out that there are more actually words to that song.


3 comments:

  1. Your pictures are gorgeous. I feel almost like I saw it in person.

    I don't know what song you are referring to. Am I totally lame???

    ReplyDelete
  2. I love reading all about your trip! Thanks for taking so many pictures and showing the rest of us these beautiful corners of the world. I laughed at you walking through the market of useless things. I can picture you thinking of your house and saying, why would I ever buy this? who needs the clutter? Ha ha. I aspire to be more like you.

    ReplyDelete